John XI Bekkos

   Patriarch of Constantinople (qq.v.) from 12751282. He replaced Joseph I (q.v.), who Michael VIII (q.v.) deposed for refusing to agree to the union of the churches (q.v.) at the Council of Lyons (q.v.) in 1274. Though a tolerant and learned man (he was formerly chartophylax of Hagia Sophia [qq.v.]), he was forced to preside over the emperor's (q.v.) cruel persecution of anti-unionists. For this he paid dearly after Michael VIII's death. He was condemned as a heretic in 1283 and imprisoned from 1285 until his death in 1297.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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